Quince seed mucilage coated iron oxide nanoparticles for plasmid DNA delivery---Nanotechnology 33 (7) (2021) 075102
Bahar Nikforouz, Alireza Allafchian, Seyed Amir Hossein Jalali, Hamideh Shakeripour, Rezvan Mohammadinezhad
This study investigates the potential of iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4) and quince seed mucilage as combined genetic carriers to deliver plasmid DNA (pDNA) through the gastrointestinal system. The samples are characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), zeta potential, dynamic light scattering, FT-IR spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy and vibrating sample magnetometry. The stability of pDNA loading on the nanocarriers and their release pattern are evaluated in simulated gastrointestinal environments by electrophoresis. The XRD patterns reveal that the nanocarriers could preserve their structure during various synthesis levels. The saturation magnetization (Ms) of the Fe3O4 cores are 56.48 emu g−1 without any magnetic hysteresis. Not only does the loaded pDNA contents experience a remarkable stability in the simulated gastric environment, but also, they could be released up to 99% when exposed to an alkaline environment similar to the intestinal fluid of fish. The results indicate that the synthesized nanoparticles could be employed as efficient low-cost pDNA carriers.