The Effect of Ni Doping on the Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Y1-xNixBa2Cu3O7-d Superconductors---Materials Research Express 7 (2020) 056002
B. Hadi-Sichani, H. Shakeripour*, H. Salamati https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/2053-1591/ab903e Abstract The Y1-xNixBa2Cu3O7-d superconducting samples with low level of Ni concentration were prepared by the standard solid-state reaction. The AC susceptibility, magnetoresistivity, microstructure and the critical current density, Jc, of samples as a function of temperature, magnetic field and Ni doping are investigated. The AC susceptibility measurements show that the displacement of the peak temperature Tp of the imaginary part of the susceptibility χ" vs magnetic field was reduced strongly by Ni doping up to an optimum level, which shows the increasing of flux pinning by Ni doping. The Jc of samples was derived from AC susceptibility utilizing the Bean model. It shows an increasing in Jc by Ni doping, at any temperature or magnetic field, consistent with the results of Jc measurements. The magnetoresistance measurements were carried out under magnetic fields up to 1 T and explained by TAFC model. Utilizing this model, the vortex dynamic behaviour and the activation energy U (H) of the compound are investigated. We found that the U (H) increases and the resistive broadening is strongly reduced by Ni doping. The SEM measurements show that the grain sizes are clearly increased and the grain connections are improved by Ni doping. The results of all the observations taken from different measurements are consistent together and indicate the Ni doping has an effective role to improve the intergranular coupling and flux pinning.